The Government of India (GoI) passed the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act in September 2005. The Act gives legal guarantee minimum of 100 days of wage employment in a financial year to adult members of a rural household who demand employment and are willing to do unskilled manual work. The objective of the Act is to enhance the livelihood security of households in rural areas of the country by providing unskilled manual work that develops the infrastructure base of that area.
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) aims at enhancing the livelihood security of rural people by guaranteeing at least hundred days of wage-employment in a financial year to a rural household who are willing to volunteer the unskilled manual work.
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005, (MGNREGA) was enacted on 7th September 2005 as "An Act to provide for the enhancement of livelihood security of the households in rural areas of the country by providing at least one hundred days of Guaranteed wage employment in every financial year to every household".